Biography of Imam Ali RA- Early Life
The Birth of Imam Ali RA-the 4th caliph of Islam is the key event of the month of Rajab. In today’s blog post let us briefly discuss the biography and a few events from the tremendous life of Imam Ali RA.
Ali Ibn Abi Talib’s (عَلِيّ ٱبْن أَبِي طَالِب) Birth date is 13th of Rajab
of Hijri Calendar, 13th of September 601. Ali RA was the cousin and
son in law of Prophet Muhammad SAW.
Abu Talib and Fatimah RA bint Asad are the
parents of Imam e Ali RA. One of the famous things about Hazrat Ali RA is, he
was the first to accept Islam at the age of 10. He was in the early companions
of prophet Muhammad SAW. Ali RA participated in every war except the Battle of Tabuk, as he was instructed to do so by prophet
Married to Hazrat e Fatimah RA, daughter
of Prophet Muhammad SAW. He started serving Islam in 656. He was assassinated
by a Kharijite at the times when he was in the great mosque of Kufa.
Imam Ali RA was a pious Muslim, devoted to the cause of Islam and a just ruler, truly following Quran and Sunnat e Nabwi SAW till the last day of his prestigious life. Our other post on the Biography of Hazrat e Ali RA may help further explore this important topic of Islamic history.
Ahadith e Rasool SAW About Imam Ali RA
There are so various sayings of Prophet
Muhammad SAW about the 4th caliph of Islam. For the interest of our
readers let us add a few of them.
bin Umair Taymi narrates that he visited Ayesha (r.a) in the company of his
paternal aunt and asked her, “Who was the most beloved to the Holy Prophet ?”
The Mother of the Believers (r.a) replied, “Fatimah RA.” “And who
from among the men?” again she was asked. She replied, “Her husband (Ali
Ibn Abi Talib RA). As far as I know, he fasts a great deal and he often stays
awake at length during nights to worship Allah.” [Jaami at-Tirmidhi, Volume
6, Chapters on al-Manaqib, Chapter 60: About what has been related to the
virtues of Fatimah RA bint Muhammad, Page 490, Hadith Number 3874]
The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said, “The one who wants to live my
life and die my death will attach himself to Ali (A.S).” Musnad of Ahmad,
The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said, “The most miserable person
from the beginning of the world to the end is the murderer of Ali (A.S).”
Musnad Ahmad, 4/263;
The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said, “Ali (A.S) is to me what Haroun was to Musa.” Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/137; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 65, 104; Al-Tabarani.
Titles and the names, given to Imam Ali RA
Imam Ali RA Life History in General
When Ali RA was at the age of 5, prophet Muhammad SAW took
him to his house to raise him.
At the age of 10, Hazrat-e-Ali RA accepted Islam. In the
reply to the great question asked by Prophet Muhammad SAW, “Who will join
me in the cause of Almighty Allah?” Imam Ali replied,
“Though my eyes are
sore, my legs are thin and I am the youngest of all those present here yet I
will stand by you, O Messenger of Allah.”
Ali RA was the first one to answer the prophet’s call, the prophet
SAW asked him to sit down saying, “wait! Perhaps someone older than you
might respond to my call.” Second time the people of Banu Hashim were
asked, again Ali RA was the one who responded Prophet’s call. Prophet SAW asked
him to wait. It was the third time when people of Banu Hashim were asked
and no one responded, but Ali RA, So Prophet Muhammad SAW accepted Ali RA’s
offer. He was the first among children to accept Islam on the call of
Muhammad SAW, only at the age of 10.
This was the beginning of a remarkable era that became a history later by the blessings of Allah SWT and due to the excellent training and education by the best (Prophet Muhammad SAW) which humanity has ever seen.
Son in Law to Prophet Muhammad SAW
He (RA) got the respect of turning into the Son in Law of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and changing their nearer and nearer relationship with a family bond. Both Hazrat Ali (RA) and Hazrat Fatima (RA) carried on with a very much fulfilled life and had 5 kids, in particular: Hassan (RA), Hussain (RA), Zainab (RA), Umm Kalthum (RA), and Mohsin (RA), who passed on in his youth. His child, Hazrat Imam Hussain (R.A) had the credit of having the best support of the Religion of Islam by standing firm against the unjust ruler, Yazid.
Imam e Ali RA’s life as a 4th caliph of Islam
Caliphate is a vital part of Islamic history
and holds a very strong position for the lives of Muslims. To further read
about the Four
rightly guided caliphs in Islam you may visit this link for further
knowledge. Let us move ahead for the life of the 4th caliph of
After the affliction of third caliph Hazrat Usman (RA) in the year, 35 A.H Hazrat Ali took the charge and turned into the fourth caliph of Muslims. This was an incredible testing time for Hazrat Ali (RA) as he needed to work against the uprisings as well as needed to keep up harmony in the region. He (RA) likewise needed to change the Muslim capital to Kufa, in Iraq, due to extraordinary help he has over there. He (RA) confronted numerous troubles during his caliphate. During this short time, he reestablished once again the engravings of the straightforward Islamic method of life, of correspondence and legitimate procuring by hard work. Regardless of being the incomparable authority of Islam, he wouldn’t fret sitting at shops and selling dates. He wore fixed garments, sat in the organization of needy individuals on the ground and ate food with them. He generally tried to guarantee that the pay of Baitul Mal should reach the legitimate people as fast as could be expected under the circumstances. The rule of Hazrat Ali (RA) goes on for about 5 years.
Moving towards Last years of Imam Ali RA
though he kept on having staunch supporters, ʿAli RA’s power was debilitated in numerous territories during the most
recent two years of his caliphate. Various unmistakable Muslims even met in Adruh
in 659 with the idea of ousting both ʿAli and Muʿāwiyah and selecting as caliph ʿAbd Allah, child of ʿUmar,
yet they didn’t arrive at an ultimate choice. In the interim, a portion of the
Khārijites chose to kill ʿAli RA,
Muʿāwiyah, and ʿAmr ibn
Although the last two got away, ʿAli RA didn’t: on the nineteenth of Ramadan in the year 661, he was
struck in the rear of the head with a poisoned sword while supplicating in the
mosque of Kufa. He passed on two days after that and was covered in Al-Najaf.
Alongside Qom in Iran, Al-Najaf became—and stays right up ’til the present
time—one of the most significant seats of learning and a significant journey
Let us conclude our topic with a few of the wonderful words of Imam e Ali RA, which are the real chunks of wisdom in every sense.
Few Quotes(Sayings) of Imam Ali RA
al-Tirmidhi and al-Hakim have quoted on the authority of ‘Ali who said: The
Messenger of God, peace, and blessings be upon him, said: ‘I am the city of
knowledge and ‘Ali is its gate’…”
consists of two days, one for you one against you. So when it’s for you don’t
be proud or reckless, and when it’s against you be patient, for both days are a
test for you.”
― Hazrat Ali Ibn Abu-Talib A.S
“Do not let
your difficulties fill you with anxiety, after all, it is only in the darkest
nights that stars shine more brightly.”
― Ali Ibn Abi Talib AS
“Woman is a
delicate creature with strong emotions who has been created by the Almighty God
to shoulder responsibility for educating society and moving toward perfection.
God created woman as a symbol of His beauty and to give solace to her partner
and her family.”
― Ali Ibn Abi Talib A.S
Of Your Tongue Like The Way You Take Care Of Gold & Silver.”
― Ali Ibn Abi Talib A.S
Allah SWT bless all the companions of Prophet SAW, Hazrat e Abu Bakr, Hazrat e
Usman RA, Hazrat e Umar RA, and Hazrat e Ali RA, and all who came after them in
the history of Islam, and may He shower His blessings on these sacred souls