(In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful, all praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger)
The Holy Quran contains wondrous stories and lessons about the past of how the messengers and the people they represented, moved through life in what part of the world with what sort of lifestyle. Mainly the references are quoted to accomplish a couple of reasons.
- The practices of the messengers and the teachings that they gave their people and how they had to bear hardships in spreading the word of Allah Almighty.
- To determine that all prophets have informed the masses about the final coming prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) to complete th religious work after which the process of revelation and the prophets will cease till the day of Judgment.
- The promises of previous prophets and the promise made by the Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) and the synchronization of the teachings that are clearly indicative that there was a Supreme Being, The Allah Almighty that governed the whole process.
There are some other reasons too but we’ll keep them for later. Let’s see some of the verses of the Quran in reference to the revelation and the prophets that were sent to guide mankind in different civilizations.
“We gave Moses the Book and followed him up with a succession of Messengers; We gave jesus the son of Mary clear (Signs) and strengthened him with the holy spirit. Is it that whenever there comes to you a messenger with what ye yourselves desire not ye, are puffed up with pride? ―Some ye called impostors and others ye slay!” (Surah Al-Baqara) (Quran Online)
“We have sent thee inspiration as We sent it to Noah and the Messengers after him; We sent inspiration to Abraham, Ismail, isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes to Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and to David, We gave the Psalms.” (Surah An-Nisa)
These are some of the verses to give you a hint of how the succession followed. As proved by a lot of Ahadith too, there have been around one hundred and twenty four thousand prophets, altogether, to guide the mankind over different periods of time and in different civilizations but the Holy Quran references only 25 of them.